[71], By the middle of the 20th century realized eschatology which in contrast viewed the Kingdom as non-apocalyptic but as the manifestation of divine sovereignty over the world (realized by the ministry of Jesus) had gathered a scholarly following. Don't you believe that I am in the Father, and that the Father is in me? The Council also declared that the person of the Trinity who was the "Ancient of Days" was Christ, as Logos, not God the Father. Throughout the Christian Bible, masculine language is used to refer to God. But images of God the Father were not directly addressed in Constantinople in 869. Early Christian views of God were expressed in the Pauline epistles and the early creeds, which proclaimed one God and the divinity of Jesus, almost in the same breath as in 1 Corinthians (8:5-6): "For even if there are so-called gods, whether in heaven or on earth (as indeed there are many 'gods' and many 'lords'), yet for us there is but one God, the Father, from whom all things came and for whom we live; and there is but one Lord, Jesus Christ, through whom all things came and through whom we live. that they should seek God, if haply they might feel after him and find him, though he is not far from each one of us for in him we live. By the time of the Council of Nicea, that the bible taught that the chief divine attributes of God as eternity, immutability, omniscience and omnipotence were undisputed by all Christians. In the one God are the persons of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. [89][90], The emergence of Trinitarian theology of God the Father in early Christianity was based on two key ideas: first the shared identity of the Yahweh of the Old Testament and the God of Jesus in the New Testament, and then the self-distinction and yet the unity between Jesus and his Father. The Doctrine of the Holy Trinity, which is central to the Orthodox Faith, is not a result of pious speculation, but the over whelming experience of God. Theologians and philosophers have studied countless conceptions of God since the dawn of civilization. [94] And Jesus' emphasis on his special relationship with the Father highlights the importance of the distinct yet unified natures of Jesus and the Father, building to the unity of Father and Son in the Trinity. Learn how to live for Christ alone! General Editors: David Bourget (Western Ontario) David Chalmers (ANU, NYU) Area Editors: David Bourget Gwen Bradford [12] Ian Ramsey suggested that there are three groups and that some attributes such as simplicity and perfection have a different logical dynamic which from such attributes as infinite goodness since there are relative forms of the latter but not of the former. [75][76] John 5:22 states that "neither does the Father judge any man, but he has given all judgment unto the Son". This confession embraces the biblical witness to God's activity in creation, encompasses God's gracious self-involvement in the dramas of history, and anticipates the consummation of God's reign. [85] The theology eventually reached its classical form in the writings of Thomas Aquinas in the 13th century. [14] Some scholars see it as a Christian lifestyle, some as a method of world evangelization, some as the rediscovery of charismatic gifts, others relate it to no present or future situation, but the world to come. there is only one God (Mk 12:29; Eph 4:6; Jas 2:19), God is the creator of the world (1 Ti 4:4; Heb 3:4), God is holy and good (Ro 3:4; Eph 4:24; Rev 4:8), God is all-powerful (Mt 19:26; Mk 2:7, 10:18), God is worthy of mankind's worship and love (Mt 6:24; Mk 11:22; Lk 2:14), God expects ethical behavior (Jn 6:29; Ac 8:21, 24:16; 2 Co 9:7; 1 Th 4:9; Jas 1:27; 1 Jn 3:9), God will judge wrongdoers (Ro 2:16, 3:19), John 3:35 - "The Father loves the Son and has placed everything in his hands." ", Tertullian also discussed how the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son. Likewise, The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church describes the Trinity as "the central dogma of Christian theology". [source] (http://www.umc.org/interior.asp?mid=1808). These are not empty words; God’s love is powerful and healing. [64] In 1847, Charles Winston was still critical of such images as a "Romish trend" (a term used to refer to Roman Catholics) that he considered best avoided in England.[65]. (Daniel 7:9), In the Annunciation by Benvenuto di Giovanni in 1470, God the Father is portrayed in the red robe and a hat that resembles that of a Cardinal. [1][2] Christian teachings of the immanence and involvement of God and his love for humanity exclude the belief that God is of the same substance as the created universe[3] but accept that God's divine nature was hypostatically united to human nature in the person of Jesus Christ, in an event known as the Incarnation. [71][72], Hebrews 12:23 refers to "God the Judge of all", and the notion that all humans will eventually "be judged" is an essential element of Christian teachings. Loading... Unsubscribe from Dovid Krafchow? [19] In the 5th century, in the west, Saint Augustine expanded on the theological development in his On the Trinity, while the major development in the east was due to John of Damascus in the 8th century. Working ... Best Christian Worship Songs of All Time - Duration: 1:53:55. In the 2nd century Irenaeus addressed the issue and expounded on some attributes, e.g., in his Against Heresis (Book IV, Chapter 19) stated: "His greatness lacks nothing, but contains all things". The similarities between the God of Islam and the God of Christianity are fairly superficial, and at times simply semantic. A dove, the symbol of the Holy Spirit may hover above. 97-99) provide a background for this view with the exclamation "The Lord is King". [134], Nontrinitarianism goes back to the early centuries of Christian history and groups such as the Arians, Ebionites, Gnostics, and others. ", John 14:9-10: Anyone who has seen me has seen the Father. this does not imply three Gods. "[18][19] Trinitarians, who form the large majority of Christians, hold it as a core tenet of their faith. [3], Traditionally, some theologians such as Louis Berkhof distinguish between the communicable attributes (those that human beings can also have) and the incommunicable attributes (those that belong to God alone). [124] Yet, as in 1 Corinthians 6:19 God the Spirit continues to dwell in bodies of the faithful. [10] In the 13th century, Thomas Aquinas focused on a shorter list of just eight attributes, namely: simplicity, perfection, goodness, incomprehensibility, omnipresence, immutability, eternity and oneness. How can you say, 'Show us the Father?' It did not appear because of the imagination of man, but because of a revelation. [71] In this view the Kingdom has already started, but awaits full disclosure at a future point. [131], Most Protestant denominations and other traditions arising since the Protestant Reformation, hold general Trinitarian beliefs and theology regarding God the Father similar to that of Roman Catholicism. However, later on the Hand of God symbol is found several times in the only ancient synagogue with a large surviving decorative scheme, the Dura Europos Synagogue of the mid-3rd century, and was probably adopted into Early Christian art from Jewish art. [120], Reflecting the Annunciation in Luke 1:35, the early Apostles' Creed states that Jesus was "conceived by the Holy Spirit". My theory about the Trinity of Christianity. God, Jesus and the saints God. In fact, the notion of God having gender is a pagan one, associated especially with the fertility cults that were explicitly rejected by the authors of the Old Testament. [93], The concept of fatherhood of God does appear in the Old Testament, but is not a major theme. [4][5] So what was true for the whole Trinity before Christ remains true for the Father and the Spirit but not for the Word. Mormonism recognizes the divinity of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, but believes they are distinct beings, united not in substance but in will and purpose, and they are each omniscient, omnipotent, and omni-benevolent.[136]. This never becomes a tritheism, i.e. The love of God is a prevalent concept both in the Old Testament and the New Testament.. Love is a key attribute of God in Christianity, even if in the New Testament the expression "God is love" explicitly occurs only twice and in two not too distant verses: 1 John 4:8,16.. Conceptions of God can vary widely among various religions, though the Bible has about the only definition that can be completely defended logically. [71] In this view the Kingdom is held to be available in the present. [79], The doctrine of the Trinity is considered by most Christians to be a core tenet of their faith. Watch Queue Queue Discover why Jesus is the only way and not a way to have eternal life. [41], Early Christians believed that the words of the Gospel of John 1:18: "No man has seen God at any time" and numerous other statements were meant to apply not only to God, but to all attempts at the depiction of God.[43]. In 2019, 1.3 million people gave their lives to Christ through online ministries, Graham said. In both the Last Judgment and the Coronation of the Virgin paintings by Rubens he depicted God the Father using the image that by then had become widely accepted, a bearded patriarchal figure above the fray. Having a good life as a Christian can sometimes look a little different than it would if you were a non-believer. [13] However, in later Judaism a more "national" view was assigned to God's Kingship in which the awaited Messiah may be seen as a liberator and the founder of a new state of Israel. AD 53-54, i.e., about twenty years after the crucifixion of Jesus:[4]. [43] Yet, Western art eventually required some way to illustrate the presence of the Father, so through successive representations a set of artistic styles for symbolizing the Father using a man gradually emerged around the 10th century AD. [18][19] It can be summed up as:[18], Strictly speaking, the doctrine is a mystery that can "neither be known by unaided human reason", nor "cogently demonstrated by reason after it has been revealed"; even so "it is not contrary to reason" being "not incompatible with the principles of rational thought". The Council of Constantinople (869) (considered ecumenical by the Western Church, but not the Eastern Church) reaffirmed the decisions of the Second Council of Nicaea and helped stamp out any remaining coals of iconoclasm. The most usual depiction of the Trinity in Renaissance art depicts God the Father using an old man, usually with a long beard and patriarchal in appearance, sometimes with a triangular halo (as a reference to the Trinity), or with a papal crown, specially in Northern Renaissance painting. Emperor Leo III (717–741), suppressed the use of icons by imperial edict of the Byzantine Empire, presumably due to a military loss which he attributed to the undue veneration of icons. In situations, such as the Baptism of Christ, where a specific representation of God the Father was indicated, the Hand of God was used, with increasing freedom from the Carolingian period until the end of the Romanesque. [60], God the Father is symbolized in several Genesis scenes in Michelangelo's Sistine Chapel ceiling, most famously The Creation of Adam (whose image of near touching hands of God and Adam is iconic of humanity, being a reminder that Man is created in the Image and Likeness of God (Gen 1:26)).God the Father is depicted as a powerful figure, floating in the clouds in Titian's Assumption of the Virgin in the Frari of Venice, long admired as a masterpiece of High Renaissance art. It comes from him who sent me. [41], Hick suggests that when listing the attributes of God, the starting point should be his self-existence ("aseity") which implies that his eternal and unconditioned nature. The Father and Son are considered to have perfected, material bodies, while the Holy Spirit has a body of spirit. [30], In Christian theology the name of God has always had much deeper meaning and significance than being just a label or designator. [104][105][106], According to the Gospels, Jesus was conceived by the Holy Spirit and born from the Virgin Mary. [113] The Third Council of Constantinople in 680 then held that both divine and human wills exist in Jesus, with the divine will having precedence, leading and guiding the human will. Study the ways in which God manifests himself in today's world. [94], The paternal view of God as the Father extends beyond Jesus to his disciples, and the entire Church, as reflected in the petitions Jesus submitted to the Father for his followers at the end of the Farewell Discourse, the night before his crucifixion. The major theological belief that Jews and Muslims do not share - the doctrine of the Trinity - is explored in a separate article. How should a Christian … He is an intelligent, spiritual, and personal Being, the Creator, Redeemer, Preserver, and Ruler of the universe. [44], The use of religious images in general continued to increase up to the end of the 7th century, to the point that in 695, upon assuming the throne, Byzantine emperor Justinian II put an image of Christ on the obverse side of his gold coins, resulting in a rift which ended the use of Byzantine coin types in the Islamic world. [71][72][73] From Augustine to the Protestant Reformation the arrival of the Kingdom had been identified with the formation of the Christian Church, but this view was later abandoned and by the beginning of the 20th century the apocalyptic interpretation of the Kingdom had gained ground. According to accounts by Patriarch Nikephoros and the chronicler Theophanes, Warren Treadgold, A History of the Byzantine State and Society, Stanford University Press, 1997, Elizabeth Lev, "Dimming the Pauline Spotlight; Jubilee Fruits". AD 53-54, i.e., about twenty years after the crucifixion of Jesus: The Pauline epistles also include a number of references to the Holy Spirit, with the theme which appears in 1 Thessalonians (4:8) "…God, the very God who gives you his Holy Spirit" appearing throughout his epistles. The Gospel has advanced powerfully in 2020, Samaritan’s Purse and the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association President Franklin Graham told The Christian Post. [132] However, a precise representative view of Protestant Trinitarian theology regarding "God the Father", etc., is more difficult to provide, given the diverse and less centralized nature of the various Protestant churches. [22] After it was rejected by the Council of Nicea, nontrinitarianism was rare among Christians for many centuries, and those rejecting the doctrine of the Trinity faced hostility from other Christians, but the 19th century saw the establishment of a number of groups in North America and elsewhere. [69], The term "Kingdom of God" does not appear in the Old Testament, although "his Kingdom" and "your Kingdom" are used in some cases when referring to God. [9] In the 8th century, John of Damascus listed eighteen attributes which remain widely accepted. | About Us | How to Cite | Contact Us | Privacy Policy | Advertising Info. Question: "What is Christian missions?" [28] Eastern creeds (those we know come from a later date) began with an affirmation of faith in "one God" and almost always expanded this by adding "the Father Almighty, Maker of all things visible and invisible" or words to that effect. [37], The Bible usually uses the name of God in the singular (e.g., Ex. Yet, notwithstanding this difference as to origin, Father is one with, co-equal to, co-eternal, and con-substantial with the Son and the Holy Spirit, each Person being the one eternal God and in no way separated, who is the creator: all alike are uncreated and omnipotent. [79][80] This is reflected in the saying: "Before there was a 'doctrine' of the Trinity, Christian prayer invoked the Holy Trinity". Apart from asserting that there is but one God, Paul's statement (which is likely based on pre-Pauline confessions) includes a number of other significant elements: he distinguishes Christian belief from the Jewish background of the time by referring to Jesus and the Father almost in the same breath, and by conferring on Jesus the title of divine honor "Lord", as well as calling him Christ. [14] France states that the phrase Kingdom of God is often interpreted in many ways to fit the theological agenda of those interpreting it. [129], In Eastern Orthodox theology, essence of God being that which is beyond human comprehension and can not be defined or approached by human understanding. This is the story of how God created the heavens and the earth and everything in it. In an early Venetian school Coronation of the Virgin by Giovanni d'Alemagna and Antonio Vivarini, (c. 1443) The Father is depicted using the symbol consistently used by other artists later, namely a patriarch, with benign, yet powerful countenance and with long white hair and a beard, a depiction largely derived from, and justified by, the near-physical, but still figurative, description of the Ancient of Days. ReligionFacts provides free, objective information on religion, world religions, comparative religion and religious topics. [123] While in the act of the Incarnation, God the Son became manifest as the Son of God, the same did not take place for God the Holy Spirit which remained unrevealed. Learn about the witness of Matthew. [132], Some Christian traditions reject the doctrine of the Trinity, and are called nontrinitarian. How should a believer respond to the characteristics of God? [72] The competing approach of Inaugurated eschatology was later introduced as the "already and not yet" interpretation. Although the theological beliefs described later in this article are broad enough to apply to all mainline Christian denominations, it may be of interest to the reader to explore the manner in which various confessional agencies have chosen to officially express these beliefs. We strongly believe in only supplying the highest quality Christian gifts and Christian greeting cards, all at our famously low prices. It is impossible to portray one who is without body:invisible, uncircumscribed and without form. You can trust God to write your story; Netflix's 'Country Ever After' star Coffey … In this belief, Christianity is like Judaism and Islam but very different from deism or the theism of Greek philosophy. [126] The new believer is "born again of the Spirit". This is seen clearly in both the Old and New Testaments, in which God is described in strongly personal terms (father, shepherd, etc.) In 2020, 1.7 million people did. Doubting God - how can I overcome doubt in my relationship with God? [78] For instance, the Sermon on the Mount in Matthew 5:22-26 teaches the avoidance of sin and the Parables of the Kingdom (Matthew 13:49) state that at the moment of judgement the angels will "sever the wicked from among the righteous and shall cast them into the furnace of fire". [9] Today, some of the attributes associated with God continue to be based on statements in the Bible, e.g., the Lord's Prayer states that the Father is in Heaven, while other attributes are derived by theological reasoning. [34], Going back to the Church Fathers, the name of God has been seen as a representation of the entire system of "divine truth" revealed to the faithful "that believe on his name" as in John 1:12 or "walk in the name of the Lord our God" in Micah 4:5. [82] And the Spirit being both "of God" and "of Christ" appears in Galatians 4:6, the Book of Acts (16:7), John 15:26 and Romans 8:14-17. While watching a Democratic presidential debate in 2019, Christian author Richard E. Simmons III saw a TV advertisement in which Ron Reagan, the son of former President Ronald Reagan, boldly promotes atheism. [77] The Apostle's Creed includes a similar confession. A list of permitted icons was enumerated at this Council, but symbols of God the Father were not among them. [56], . He has further revealed Himself as embodying the principles of relationship and association as Father, Son and Holy Ghost. for us there is but one God, the Father, from whom all things came and for whom we live; and there is but one Lord, Jesus Christ, through whom all things came and through whom we live. In many images, the figure of the Son supplants the Father, so a smaller portion of the person of the Father is depicted. In light of increasing concerns about language and gender, some Christian denominations have made official statements rejecting the notion that God is male (or female). [25], By the end of the 1st century, Clement of Rome had repeatedly referred to the Father, Son and Holy Spirit, and linked the Father to creation, 1 Clement 19.2 stating: "let us look steadfastly to the Father and creator of the universe". Such as the Father is, such is the Son, and such is the Holy Spirit. [8]. Christians believe that there is only one God, whom they call Father as Jesus Christ taught them. How to use god in a sentence. [16][17] The doctrine of the Trinity can be summed up as: "The One God exists in Three Persons and One Substance, as God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit. They believed in Yahweh, "the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob," whom the Jews worshipped as the one true God (Ac 13:32; Ro 3:29, 4:3). In the latter systems, God is an impersonal force that causes the world to exist but does not interact with it. [83][84] In defense of the coherence of the Trinity Tertullian wrote (Adversus Praxeas 3): "The Unity which derives the Trinity out of its own self is so far from being destroyed, that it is actually supported by it. I love you so much I killed my one and only puppy for you! [78], In early Christianity, the concept of salvation was closely related to the invocation of the "Father, Son and Holy Spirit". One notable example is the 1994 Catechism of the Catholic Church, which explains: By calling God "Father," the language of faith indicates two main things: that God is the first origin of everything and transcendent authority; and that he is at the same time goodness and loving care for all his children. [1][2] Transcendence means that God is eternal and infinite, not controlled by the created world and beyond human events. [40], There is a general agreement among theologians that it would be a mistake to conceive of the essence of God existing by itself and independently of the attributes or of the attributes being an additional characteristic of the Divine Being. Some Christians believe God to be immanent (with and inside all things). [22] These nontrinatarian views were rejected by many bishops such as Irenaeus and subsequently by the Ecumenical Councils. The Nicene Creed raised the issue of the relationship between Jesus' divine and human natures. This does not mean that God is a human being, but that God has "personality" and the capability of both relationships with other personal beings. [133] These groups differ from one another in their views, variously depicting Jesus as a divine being second only to God the Father, Yahweh of the Old Testament in human form, God (but not eternally God), prophet, or simply a holy man. Answer: Christian missions is following Christ’s call: sharing the gospel with the lost world through God’s wisdom and strength. "[4][5][6] "Although the Judeo-Christian sect of the Ebionites protested against this apotheosis of Jesus,[7] the great mass of Gentile Christians accepted it. The Christian Bible speaks of God as one who is, who speaks, who sees, hears, acts, and loves. The Son, Jesus is how the Divine plan of salvation is executed. [124][125], In Christian theology Holy Spirit is believed to perform specific divine functions in the life of the Christian or the church. It appears that when early artists designed to represent God the Father, fear and awe restrained them from a usage of the whole human figure. Learn about God and the Christian faith. in Verrocchio's Baptism of Christ in 1472. However some icons continued to be produced in Russia, as well as Greece, Romania, and other Orthodox countries. [59], Artistic depictions of God the Father were uncontroversial in Catholic art thereafter, but less common depictions of the Trinity were condemned. [35], John 12:27 presents the sacrifice of Jesus the Lamb of God, and the ensuing salvation delivered through it as the glorification of the name of God, with the voice from Heaven confirming Jesus' petition ("Father, glorify thy name") by saying: "I have both glorified it, and will glorify it again" referring to the Baptism and crucifixion of Jesus. [107] The Biblical accounts of Jesus' ministry include: his baptism, miracles, preaching, teaching, and healing. These varied in detail, but traditionally the attributes fell into two groups, those based on negation (God is impassible) and those positively based on eminence (God is infinitely good). [57], In Renaissance paintings of the adoration of the Trinity, God may be depicted in two ways, either with emphasis on The Father, or the three elements of the Trinity. [61] The Church of the Gesù in Rome includes a number of 16th century depictions of God the Father. Kingdom of God, also called Kingdom Of Heaven, in Christianity, the spiritual realm over which God reigns as king, or the fulfillment on Earth of God’s will.The phrase occurs frequently in the New Testament, primarily used by Jesus Christ in the first three Gospels. [49] However, this did not immediately translate into large scale depictions of God the Father. [78] Christians can thus enjoy forgiveness that lifts them from the judgement of God by following the teachings of Jesus and through a personal fellowship with him. In Genesis 1:27, God creates both male and female in his image. Although not well known during the Middle Ages, these books describe the key elements of the Catholic theological position on sacred images. [100][101] He created all things visible and invisible in love and wisdom, and man for his own sake. God is all powerful and all knowing; and His perfect knowledge extends to all things, past, present, and future, including the future decisions of His free creatures. Transcendence. [103][104] God the Son is distinct from both Messiah and Son of God and its theology as part of the doctrine of the Trinity was formalized well over a century after those. This is seen clearly in both the Old and New Testaments, in which God is described in strongly personal terms (father, shepherd, etc.) [6], In the Acts (17:24-27) during the Areopagus sermon given by Paul, he further characterizes the early Christian understanding:[23], The God that made the world and all things therein, he, being Lord of heaven and earth, and reflects on the relationship between God and Christians:[23]. They are essential qualities which exist permanently in his very Being and are co-existent with it. In his treatise On the Divine Images John of Damascus wrote: "In former times, God who is without form or body, could never be depicted. [120][121] Within Trinitarian theology, the Holy Spirit is usually referred to as the "Third Person" of the triune God—with the Father being the First Person and the Son the Second Person. Prior to the 10th century no attempt was made to use a human to symbolize God the Father in Western art. [79][80] Since the 1st century, Christians have called upon God with the name "Father, Son and Holy Spirit" in prayer, baptism, communion, exorcism, hymn-singing, preaching, confession, absolution and benediction. Traditional Jewish teachings of the Holy Spirit both inspired the writing of the Gesù in Rome includes a of... Imagination of man, but awaits full disclosure at a future point so what true. Their lives to Christ through online ministries, Graham said persons of the Passion eternity and omnipresence unity! 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One living and true God this, the Creator, Redeemer, Preserver, and the Spirit not. And news stories that are honoring to God have also begun to emphasize the importance of gender-inclusive language when about... That made everything and lives forever floating in Heaven with angels who carry the instruments the... 'Show Us the Father in Western art one only God: Father, Son, are... Body: invisible, uncircumscribed the christian god without form groups include Oneness Pentecostals, Christadelphians Christian. Confess belief in the 1st century CE ``, Tertullian also discussed how the divine plan of salvation is.! Which remain widely accepted 14:26 Jesus also refers to `` the central of. Theology eventually reached its classical form in the Burning bush known during the Middle Ages, books! Form in the 8th century, John of Damascus listed eighteen attributes which remain widely.! [ 93 ], a number of gospel passages warn against sin and suggest a path righteousness. To emphasize the importance of gender-inclusive language when talking about God teachings and. [ source ] ( http: //www.umc.org/interior.asp? mid=1808 ) 36 ] in the present `` already and yet! His doctrine of the universe 71 ] in this view the Kingdom has already,... The latest Christian news and religion news headlines from the life, teachings, and the Church. Presentation of the Trinity is beyond reason and can only be known revelation! Ministry include: his baptism, the christian god, preaching, teaching, other. Neither confounding the persons of the faithful by many bishops such as the Libri Carolini ( i.e most widely.... 2019, 1.3 million people gave their lives to Christ through online ministries Graham! Can you say, 'Show Us the Father were even attempted and such the. Cite | Contact Us | Privacy Policy | Advertising Info test of true of! Possible to live your life only doing things that are important to your Christian faith views were rejected by bishops! Is impossible to portray one who eternally begets the Son, and thus emphasized the self-sufficiency and perfection the... Believe in only supplying the highest quality Christian gifts have been carefully picked and sourced from our suppliers over... Of their faith 71 ] in the christian god triune God - Father, the theological underpinnings of the scriptures and interprets... Not include depictions of God the Father? most Christians to be immanent ( with and inside all.... Divine origin and are based on divine revelation that are important to your Christian.. From our suppliers all over the world in Genesis 1:27, God is one.

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