Wilting and discoloration may follow. Mite, Jassids, Aphids and Mealy Bug: These insects feed on plant by sucking the sap from the leaves. They feed on plant sap and subsequently excrete a sugary substance (called honeydew) that can attract ants as well as support the growth of a saprophytic fungus called sooty mold. Scientific Name. Description. 2 Origin and distribution Wild brinjal can be found growing in Malaysia and India. Damage. Asia, Africa, North, South and Central America, the Caribbean, Europe, Oceania. In spring and summer, the population consists of viviparous females with an asexual reproduction cycle. The melon aphid has a wide host range. Aphids are soft-bodied, sucking insects that are sometimes called plant lice. It is advisable to use Funnel traps, Yellow & Blue sticky traps to control common pests such as. Worldwide. Nymphs are similar to adults. Aphids are 1/32 to 1/8 inch in length. Tobacco aphids are not known to have an egg stage, and they reproduce by giving birth to live young female aphids without mating. In autumn, the aphids switch from host plant and reproduce sexually. The larva uses its maxillae to seize and pierce prey and inject paralyzing venom; it then sucks body fluids from its prey. Common Name. Widesprread. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Leaves curl downward and pucker. common name: green peach aphid scientific name: Myzus persicae (Sulzer) (Insecta: Hemiptera: Aphididae) Introduction and Distribution - Life Cycle and Description - Host Plants - Damage - Natural Enemies - Management - Selected References Introduction and Distribution (Back to Top). Distribution. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Cucumis melo (Melon) Scientific name English common name Code Viruses Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus Cucumber green mottle CGMMV Cucumber mosaic virus Cucumber mosaic CMV Cucumber vein yellowing virus Cucumber vein yellowing CVYV Cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus Cucurbit yellow Note, the number of spots is variable and cannot be used to identify the ladybird beetles. coarsely lobed leaves which are green in color and are arranged alternately on the branches. Brinjal Varieties List: Pusa Purple of Brinjal Varieties: Its an early maturing and long fruited type sort. Their young are able to produce young as well without mating. The infestation on brinjal can be as high as 70 per cent. Table.1 Incidence of insect pests and natural enemies in brinjal crop in Rewa district during Kharif & Rabi 2016-2017 S. No. In tropical, sub-tropical, and temperate regions. Acyrthosiphon kondoi, the blue alfalfa aphid, also known as bluegreen aphid, is an aphid in the superfamily Aphidoidea in the order Hemiptera.It is a true bug and sucks sap from leguminous plants, particularly alfalfa (known as lucerne in most countries outside North America). Common name of insect pests/ Natural enemy Scientific name Order Family Crop age (DAT) Period of activity Crop stage 1. The name brinjal is popular in Indian subcontinents and is derived from Arabic and Sanskrit whereas the name eggplant has been derived from the shape of the fruit of some varieties, which are white and resemble in shape to chicken eggs. Scientific names or Binomial Nomenclature is a scientific process wherein entities such as plants, animals, living entities are named and they are derived from Latin. The larva is a voracious predator attacking soft-bodied insects such as aphids and caterpillars of like or smaller size. Melon or cotton aphid. There are many aphids attacking a wide range of crops; Aphis gossypii, described here, is common in Pacific island countries. Other Names of Eggplant. If damage is unusual or on an unlisted host plant , submit a sample of the insect to your local extension agent or Distribution. Aphis gossypii. It belongs to the Solanales order and the Solanum genus. Appearance: All aphids are soft-bodied and pear-shaped with a pair of cornicles (tailpipe-like structures) projecting from the rear end of their abdomen. In tropical, sub-tropical, and temperate regions. Repeat in at least 10 locations per field. He miptera Aleyrodidae 16 2 nd October to 20th March VS 2. Economic Importance. A female reproduces up to 100 aphids. Aphis gossypii: melon aphid: APHIDS: Macrosiphum euphorbiae: potato aphid: APHIDS: Myzus persicae: green peach aphid: APHIDS: Adoretus sinicus The fruits are ready for picking in 100 to 110 days after planting. There are many aphids attacking a wide range of crops; Aphis gossypii, described here, is common in Pacific island countries. Colors vary by species, but popular ones are green, yellow, or white. What about the aphids life cycle? Asia, South America (Brazil), Oceania. In 1992, aphid populations that exceeded 50/leaf for 3 weeks, and 100/leaf for 2 weeks significantly reduced cotton plant height. In a study of late season aphids, also in Texas, one part of a field was treated to keep aphid populations below 50/leaf, while the other part had aphid densities greater than 50/leaf. It has many advantages such as: Classification and organisation Entities are comprehensively organised which makes understanding and studying characteristics of particular entities easy and organized Management: Biological control: Many parasitoids and predators like wasp, syrphid-fly larvae, aphid lions, ladybird bettels etc attack on aphid and control them. Distribution. It is one of the most serious pests of brinjal fruits and plants. Congregating on lower leaf surfaces, they pierce the plant and suck sap. The larva can suck the life juice from an aphid in 90 seconds and can eat 100 aphids or more in a week. English: English potato; Irish potato; white potato Tugi (Bon.) Among the sucking insect pests aphids had a mean density of 17.59 with a relative density 22.55 percent , The jassid population had a Worldwide. They are Also known as anglophone, aubergine, brinjal, or in the Philippines talong, it is a Common Name: Greenbug, aphid Scientific Name: Varies Order: Homoptera Description: Mature female greenbugs are winged or wingless, pear-shaped, about 1/16-inch long, pale green, and marked with a darker green stripe down the middle of the back and black tips on the legs and the two appendages (cornicles) on the back of the abdomen. Brinjal (Solanum melongena), also known as eggplant or aubergine, is an easily cultivated plant belonging to the family Solanaceae. The scientific name for eggplant is Solanum melongena. SCIENTIFIC NAME OF EGGPLANT In this topic, we are going to know about the scientific name of eggplant or known in the country as talong. Among the natural enemies found were the Lady bird beetles, Spiders and Syrphids. Scientific / Botanical Name of Eggplant. All types of aphids pierce the plant at its leaves and stems. A separate key may be required to differentiate the forms. January brinjal was infested by aphid, jassid, whitefly, brinjal shoot and fruit borer, Epilachna beetle and bug. There are certainly other hosts not reported. Solanum melongena is grown worldwide for its edible fruit. The presence of aphids on vegetables reduces acceptability to the customers. Ba humbugi. Common Name. They attack eggplant, tomato, and potato and are most often found on young, actively growing tissue. Eggplant ladybird beetle, large 28-spotted ladybird beetle. Asian brinjal is different from US eggplant due to its growing conditions ,taste and its use. Aphids hibernate as eggs. Description: Potato aphids are larger than green peach aphids and come in both red and green. Whitefly Bemisia tabaci (Genn.) . A Spanish dish called escalivada in Catalonia calls for strips of roasted aubergine, sweet pepper, onion, and tomato. Fruits are glossy, light purple in color, 25 to 30 cm long, tender and smooth. Aphids live in colonies. Eggplant, Auberigine, Brinjal. Genus: Solanum Nightshade . Epilachna (Henosepilachna) vigintioctopunctata. Eggplant is the egg-shaped glossy black fruit with white flesh and a meaty texture. white flies, thrips, jassids, aphids etc that attack almost all crops especially in the first 30 days. Eggplant comes from the family Solanaceae and its botanical name is Solanummelongena. To sample for potato aphids, remove leaves from the terminal parts of 35 plants and count the number of aphids. Common Name. Aphis gossypii. Cotton aphids are reported to have a greater diversity in terms of hosts, life cycle, and range, than any other aphid. There are many species of aphids ranging in color from green to pink to black to dusty gray or white with a fluffy coating. Recommended Codes for Pest Organisms in Vegetable Crops November 2020 3 9. Brinjal or Eggplant is an important crop of sub tropics and tropics. Image from: Medical News Today. Scientific Name. Melon or cotton aphid. These insects were the actual key pests in the reduction of the brinjal yield in all over nation. This pest is widely distributed all over India and is found associated with a number of host plants. Following is all about Brinjal varieties and Diseases in India. If the plant becomes too crowded or if it becomes late in the season and the aphids need to find a winter host, the aphids give birth to young that will grow up to have wings and can move to other plants. They have been found on all the cucurbits, bean, pea, eggplant, okra, spinach, tomato and cotton. Aphids are small, pear-shaped, soft-bodied insects. Aphids come in a variety of species. BSFB, L. orbonalis; aphid, A. gossypii; leafhopper, A. biguttula biguttula and flea beetle, M. signata were recorded as insect pests of brinjal found abundantly on crop right from transplanting till harvesting of the crop. The aphids that pose the most serious problem to Wisconsin vegetable production include the green peach, melon, potato and soybean aphids. Scientific Name. Eggplant (US, Australia, New Zealand, anglophone Canada), aubergine (UK, Ireland, Quebec, and most of mainland Western Europe) or brinjal (South Asia, Malaysia, South Africa) is a plant species in the nightshade family Solanaceae. Because of its resembles of the color and shape with an egg, it popularly became known as an eggplant. 1 Its fruit is high in nutrition and commonly consumed as a vegetable.The fruit and other parts of the plant are used in traditional medicine. Chemical control: Aphids can be controlled by spraying soap-water @ 25ml liquid detergent per liter of water. 1 Brinjal shoot and fruit borer: Lucinodes orbonalis Guen Family: - Pyralidae Order: -Lepidoptera. Eggplant, Solanum melongena, is a tropical, herbaceous, perennial plant, closely related to tomato, in the family Solanaceae which is grown for its edible fruit.The plants has a branching stem and simple, long, flat. The development of new offspring starts immediately after an aphid is born. 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