In the DCA6 you specify a live load = 40psf. E-codes Here is a summary of some of the requirements: If positive connection to the primary building structure cannot be verified during inspection, decks shall be self supporting. Describe deck construction including wood members and fasteners. Can I specify proprietary fasteners such as gun nails? [R507.2.3] 2. Your deck drawings will indicate the size, number, and location of deck piers or deck footings. Delhi Charter Township Ingham County, MI 2074 Aurelius Road Holt MI 48842 Phone: 517-694-2135 The building code governs the method of construction, materials, means of support, attachment and requires safety features such as guard rails and hand rails. Check out our deck footing frost map to help you understand how deep your footings will need to be excavated. ,zk[e^������k.��KR�^��%m/���?����&��U�L�*>Sᓁ�|2����㳛��,���SN��9��λ�-�/ŷt�s�-�Լ�O��zZ�@9k�l What are the requirements for locations of diagonal knee braces? Provisions contained in this document that are not included in the IRC are considered good practice recommendations. The building codes of New Jersey adopt the the International Building Code 2018 (IBC 2018), International Residential Code 2018 (IRC 2018), International Energy Conservation Code 2018 (IECC 2018), International Mechanical Code 2018 (IMC 2018), International Fuel Gas Code 2018 (IFGC 2018), International Fire Code 2015 (IFC 2015), International Swimming Pool and Spa Code 2018 (ISPSC … Identify minimum prescriptive wood deck requirements. There are approximately 40 million decks in the United States, and only half of those are code-compliant. Building codes are in place to ensure safety, and virtually every state and municipality enforces codes for deck construction. wood decks that are attached to the house to resist lateral forces. City Hall 124 W Michigan Avenue Lansing, MI 48933 Phone: 517-483-4000 Monday - Friday, 8 a.m. - 5 p.m. For single-family zones, the total coverage is limited to 35 percent of the lot (on lots 5,000 square feet or larger) or 1,000 square feet plus 15 percent of the lot area (on lots smaller than 5,000 square feet). These specifications will be detailed in your deck drawings and guided by local building codes. Every year we hear about decks that collapse under the weight of people or snow load. We do not limit the size of decks that are less than … Minimum post size is 6x6 nominal and maximum post height shall be … endstream endobj startxref 6 - Prescriptive Residential Deck Construction Guide, http://awc.org/codes-standards/publications/dca6, BCD306 – Prescriptive Residential Wood Deck Construction Guide (DCA6-2015 Version), BCD307 – Deck FAQs: Deciphering DCA6 and More. In order to prevent potentially hazardous building practices, local building codes usually lay out a set of standards for deck construction. 3. View a free copy of the North Carolina Building Codes through the ICC. In either case, you are allowed to build taller guardrails as long as they … 16-11 CODE: 2015 International Residential Code SECTION: Section R301.5 Live load – Table R301.5 – Minimum Uniformly Distributed Live Loads Section R507 Exterior Decks QUESTION: The state amended the live load in Table R301.5 for decks and balconies from 40 pounds per square foot (psf) to 60 psf. Identify minimum material requirements for deck construction including wood members and fasteners. Hundreds of wood decks get built every year and some without the proper guidance for designing or constructing a safe deck. Decks require an open footing inspection, as well as a framing and a final inspection. Decks must be built according to certain codes to ensure that they are safe for everyone who visits or lives in the home. Residential Code of Ohio (RCO) Deck and Porch Construction Pertinent Code Sections ... above the porch or deck on the interior side of the screening. Deck safety is a real problem. above grade. 341 0 obj <> endobj Equivalencies: 2.0 Hours of Instruction = 0.2 Continuing Education Units (CEU) = 2 Professional Development Hours (PDH) = 2 Learning Units (LU). See DECK FRAMING PLAN for definition of deck length and width. The deck ledger must be a 2x8 minimum On Residential (R-1) lots with access to bodies of water, decks … This course will provide an overview of common questions and challenges with design and construction of residential wood decks. Computer deck design programs are … Discover additional resources available for wood deck design and construction. endstream endobj 345 0 obj <>stream Provisions contained in this document that are not included in the IRC are considered good practice recommendations. 377 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<3D64BA45E35FA045AC5DDFC328370DFF><04FABCC997BEBA41B7894B2BA49BCFFB>]/Index[341 65]/Info 340 0 R/Length 161/Prev 639978/Root 342 0 R/Size 406/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream For a copy of DCA6-09, which is based on the 2009 IRC, click here. AM101.2Deck design. Updates and revisions are frequently being made to the document so it is recommended that building departments post a link to DCA 6 on their websites. Typically the railing is built inside the screening as in this photo (from my … The same goes for each province and territory in the Great White North. Diagnose common challenges faced when designing and building residential wood decks and how to overcome them. Is there a soil capacity that can be assumed or do you have to do an actual test? Learn everything you need to know about installing concrete footings to support your deck. That is, you still need a 36-inch high code-approved railing if the deck surface is more than 30 in. Decks The 8th edition of the Massachusetts State Building Code provides a prescriptive table for ledger board attachment of decks. The BBRS regularly updates the state building codes as new information and technology becomes available and change is warranted. Phone: 517-241-9317. bccbldg2@michigan.gov. Understand the scope and limitations of DCA 6, Become familiar with the types of decks covered by DCA 6 and their differences, Become familiar with minimum sizing requirements for various deck structural elements, Understand the types of loads residential decks are designed to resist, Identify deck provision changes from the 2015 IRC and the corresponding DCA 6 along with a refresher on 2012 IRC provisions, Identify minimum prescriptive wood deck requirements, Describe deck construction including wood members and fasteners, Discuss provisions in DCA6 Commentary and provide other resources. Open risers: maximum opening of 4". Install railings on any deck that is 30 inches or more from the surrounding surface and on at least one side of a stairway leading to the deck. Pro Tips on Building a Code-Compliant Deck By Rob Robillard. *Please Note: The entire DCA 6 cannot be posted to a building department website. H�\��j�0����l/�sXK&PZ�؁e{ �V2�bǹ��χ���?K��$�kw��@ߝ=z���:�0�4)+�J��+�b�� ������ƀ~�����4� }s��쾮�h�Z��3j�-HC�n_��@�����W~;�_��f��.s1�H\,踞��"��sX-A-��˻l�7w�U1�(�EX��N\f.#W���u�:�)�)�9�9r�� |��c�71OU���. Maximum 36 "oc solid stringer spacing for 2" thick treads. 6 – Prescriptive Residential Wood Deck Construction Guide (DCA 6) which may be downloaded from the AWC website here http://awc.org/codes-standards/publications/dca6 Requirements of the 2012 International Residential Code and other provisions are reflected in this document. '"�ϧE������f@&�Ս��OǓ�O#����gW:�d0t:�J��8}̢��Q�[k)� �?Oҙ����}X���i0�Q�H'����~� ����u#��h�l�T��r�xl~7�g(R�G�e���?s�����E~���O�b���a�uZ�����G�&A[�@��������ZHss��s��C���lt�s����ܮԸ7��Qri���� LIMITATIONS OF USE USE OF AND ANY MODIFICATIONS TO THESE READY-BUILD PLANS IS SUBJECT TO REVIEW AND APPROVAL BY THE BUILDING DEPARTMENT HAVING JURISDICTION. Mecklenburg County Code Enforcement's Deck Brochure Frequently Asked Questions for Residential Projects: A Customer Guide; Residential Swimming Pools, Spas & Hot Tubs; Sunrooms: A How-To Guide; Plan Review Tools for the Novice. Thinking about your next spring project or do you have a client that needs a wood deck designed? Ontario's deck building codes are not the same as British Columbia's deck building codes. Deck and balcony collapses injure occupants every year. How are lateral load devices provided for a deck being attached to an existing home? �?�Z�K|��-��N ���� Um����Cil�b����hU�����٩���+���lD������P~`G��4����@]���_osCZ�[��jV�r�N��RW�Ae��|~0��N~�v��?���i�9 ���.��Jq�����Xs���c�� �d�!�\�ه4���.��� �{�! Categorize code-compliant wood deck components versus those requiring approval by the authority having jurisdiction. Construction can not deviate from the details herein unless prior approval is obtained from the authority having jurisdiction. The National Building Code of Canada sets basic parameters on decks, but provinces each have their own modifications based on climate. Deck Footings. That includes new requirements for deck construction — but when it comes to decks, Georgia has created its own prescriptive standard. This article highlights certain engineering topics related to DCA 6 and provides some background for those issues. That percentage varies by zone. live load floor joist span tables in chapter 7 of the state residential code (based on the 2012 International Residential Code). Is Your Deck Safely Connected to Your House? Also, AWC has developed a one-page PDF that can be posted to the jurisdiction's website to provide an overview and links to the AWC document. (N��@���};)�*�o1u�)��M�TeY��D��p\J����CW�6�j��&�aa��P�P7���X+l�l�:,w����q^��̬t�� To encourage compliant deck design and construction, American Wood Council (AWC) has published Design for Code Acceptance No. A completed Residential Deck Application and Residential Building Permit Application shall be submitted. Does the DCA6 apply to canopies or awnings? Design for Code Acceptance (DCA) 6 - Prescriptive Residential Wood Deck Construction Guide - 2015 IRC Version, Design for Code Acceptance (DCA) 6 - Prescriptive Residential Wood Deck Construction Guide - 2012 IRC Version, (Replaced by latest version of TR10 - Calculating the Fire Resistance of Wood Members and Assemblies), DCA 2 - Design of Fire-Resistive Exposed Wood Members. h�b```��l�[�@��(������֜ [�%�����@:`�p�R�xؤ�j����� Identify minimum construction detailing requirements. �w�@��Vf3Tt L{Ι@Z ���"��L���px�5�+d6)5\a�����A�a��ˡ�Ml3D4&/{�؁A韉����m�^�݁ڑmq���1��>��́�s�$ȍ@��8�4i�h��8b�` �= Decks must be constructed in conformance with the details contained herein. Discuss provisions in DCA6 commentary and provide other resources. DECK BUILDING CODE TIPS. It is especially important to build decks with safety in mind in cold areas such as Michigan, to increase durability and minimize injuries from slipping during cold, icy months. Most jurisdictions follow the International Building Code, which devotes one section—R507—to deck construction. DCA6-12 contains new tables and other criteria based on changes to design values for all grades and sizes of visually-graded Southern Pine lumber effective June 1, 2013. Footings for decks shall maintain 5’ of separation from existing or proposed septic systems and leach fields.” 109-186(1)(d). APPLICABLE BUILDING CODE 2017 OREGON RESIDENTIAL SPECIALTY CODE (ORSC). In the state of Arizona, every local jurisdiction is responsible for establishing and enforcing building codes.However, the Manufactured Housing Division, part of the Arizona Department of Housing (ADOH), maintains standards of safety and quality for all manufactured homes, factory-built buildings, and accessory structures. This webinar will provide an overview of DCA 6 along with its Commentary and Appendices and include several examples showing application of the deck guide. ,�%�����a|�#�|d�������v7�ܭAV�8T7+c�[o@Kb�;��5Ě�9'�,��Ax��p�ލ��[ Overall deck length shall be equal to or less than overall deck width. Does the wet service factor apply for residential wood decks? Deck construction shall meet the requirements of the 2018 Kentucky Building Code which adopts and amends the 2015 International Residential Code. STATE BUILDING CODE INTERPRETATION NO. The Massachusetts State Building Code consists of a series of international model codes and any state-specific amendments adopted by the Board of Building Regulation and Standards (BBRS). Columns in enclosed crawl spaces or unexcavated areas located within the periphery of the building when . Understand design requirements and available resources for both prescriptive and engineered deck designs. The State of Georgia is one of the early adopters of the 2012 International Codes: Georgia will start enforcing the 2012 International Building Code (IBC) and International Residential Code (IRC) next month. Prescriptive Deck Details Based on the 2012 International Residential Code This design document applies to single-span, single-level residential decks only. /$���� Maximum nosing of 0.75 "to 1.25" - maximum nosing radius of 9/16 ". This webinar will provide an overview of DCA 6 along with its Commentary and Appendices and include several examples showing application of the deck guide. Zoning Requirements: Decks are also required to meet the land use and setback requirements of the zoning code. Provisions contained in this document that are not included in the IRC are considered good practice recommendations. For all other decks, a Building Permit and Occupancy Permit will be required. Provisions contained in this document that are not included in the IRC are considered good practice recommendations. h�bbd```b``��� �i�d���q`[0���D���h�E�ٺ`�j0 6�mX�^l;�dY���h},�vC(�t�&-@�1�Ď3�ׁD��z��H�� �W$�`b��t���������l&�#�30�y$��a 0 � Residential Wood Deck Design (Structure Magazine) April 2017, Manual for the Inspection of Residential Wood Decks and Balconies, Free Publications including resources for Outdoor Decks, Balconies, Porches, Strong Rail-Post Connections for Wooden Decks, Tested Guardrail Post Connections for Residential Decks, BCD302 – Prescriptive Residential Wood Deck Construction Guide (DCA6 - 2012 IRC Version), BCD303 – Design for Code Acceptance No. The presentation will provide an overview of the significant changes to the DCA 6 and include several examples showing application of the guide. Hundreds of wood decks get built every year and some without the proper guidance for designing or constructing a safe deck. (Replaced by latest version of TR10 - Calculating the Fire Resistance of Wood Members and Assemblies), DCA 3 - Fire-Resistance-Rated Wood-Frame Wall and Floor/Ceiling Assemblies, DCA 4 - CAM for Calculating and Demonstrating Assembly Fire Resistance, DCA 6 - Prescriptive Residential Wood Deck Construction Guide, DCA 7 - Meeting Residential Energy Requirements with Wood-Frame Construction - 2012 IECC Version. Responsible for administration and enforcement of the Michigan Building Code (MBC) and the structural provisions within the Michigan Residential Code by performing inspections and issuing certificates of occupancy. It is estimated that over 40 million decks in the US are more than 20 years old, meaning they were constructed before today’s building codes and established best practices. h�ęmO�8���?� However, AWC DCA 6, which has been recently updated, includes guidance on provisions for the 2015 International Residential Code (IRC) pertaining to single level residential wood deck construction. Building officials may print a reasonable number of copies of DCA 6 for use with permits. Figure 18 of DCA6 prohibits attachment of the ledger to an overhang or bay window. DCA 1 - Flame Spread Performance of Wood Products Used for Interior Finish, DCA 2 - Design of Fire-Resistive Exposed Wood Members 404 0 obj <>stream Tc��1�P��6K��x0*h��+1�%q��m����E� ;�?fsr��M���t걡��F��U���-�Z����EK6֠!��ѨU�^���t>^~�g������4���5-E�ͽN Roofed porches (open or screened-in) are permitted to be constructed using these provisions. SCOPE SINGLE LEVEL EXTERIOR DECKS ATTACHED TO THE EXTERIOR WALL OF A ONE- OR TWO-FAMILY DWELLING. q��EZ!��ܖ�r[ć,d���pm�-��f�ĦIK8�) Our Seattle Municipal Code (SMC) limits the size and placement of your deck. In Prescriptive Residential Wood Deck Construction Guide (DCA 6) Table 2, why, for a given joist size, does the overhang span sometimes increase as joist spacing increases? I thought the live load requirement for decks and balconies was 100 psf? A copy of this deck detail must be on the job site and available to the inspector during each required inspection. A deck is an exposed exterior wood floor structure that is permitted to be attached to the structure or freestanding. If your deck is more than 36 inches above the ground: your deck counts toward the percentage of your property on which you can build (called lot coverage). DCA 6 has been recently updated to include guidance on provisions in the 2012 International Residential Code (IRC) pertaining to single level residential wood deck construction. Become familiar with the Prescriptive Residential Wood Deck Construction Guide (DCA6) and the significant changes that have been made. The IBC requires 42" high guardrails. Equivalencies: 1.0 Hours of Instruction = 0.1 Continuing Education Units (CEU) = 1 Professional Development Hours (PDH) = 1 Learning Units (LU). 0 Maximum 18 "oc notched stringer spacing for 2" or 5/4 "thick treads. endstream endobj 342 0 obj <> endobj 343 0 obj <>/Font<>/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 344 0 obj <>stream We will teach you how to determine the code compliant size of your footings based on the soil type and tributary loads. Provisions contained in this document that are not included in the IRC are considered good practice recommendations. ��;�N밵)��6p+Q�KY]��U���g����Iǥ֘�g���S�SS ���p�ba� Lȥ���ܩ�A���A��:�����_ʃX_��� �d��K�6����T�v/��O��,�2yd�J����G-|��_}_doe�|w iÆQZd���%a&�6�z����.�Ĩ��pq��*����.�]Dƪ6]\�o��l���� �E��xzy8����5�Mi���["�_ڌ��hz��z����Q��5L����]iH�L�@��4�Ӑ+*,� ��&.��%��o�גn� t% ��8OX����c,���@�N�9��1�� �dj�L��r��mJ�o\�h��e��{�Z����In;�4���_XWW���3?�l���y_:�Ru���X��d5�K�pq�H���@�9qRV�����o�1O�b�J��[i�I�V��V�,4��`e ./߰��-�٤?�g�M�a����C.Wa���u���=������w�O������`� The building code (IRC) for decks applies whether the deck or porch is open or screened. Decks Requiring a Building Permit. Includes Commentary and Appendices. Does this include small cantilevers on the house such as brick ledge cantilevers or cantilevers to accommodate exterior insulation? Improperly built decks can be dangerous. Depending upon building code requirements and soil conditions in your area, footings may also be required beneath the piers to spread the deck’s weight out. Information gathered from years of frequently asked questions related to building code provisions for decks, deck construction details, and AWC’s Design for Code Acceptance 6 (DCA6) – Prescriptive Residential Wood Deck Construction Guide will be presented. I�gj?��XBI��(J�0�dD���H��1�J�S�0xJ�OEX�PP���C8�X�S(I(�C 4�e |�K�����r�J�m�"�p��DR :C��� ���i�ʈb��'J DCA6 has been updated to include guidance on provisions for the 2012 International Residential Code (IRC) pertaining to single level residential wood deck construction. Some building departments also publish their own codes which may differ somewhat from the IRC. Includes Commentary and Appendices. Includes guidance on provisions of the 2012 International Residential Code (IRC) pertaining to single level residential wood deck construction. Before you begin a project, it is important that you become familiar with all the City of Ankeny building and zoning regulations that apply to your project. Building Division. How are deck beams or girders attached to posts? By contrast, deck code is truly a matter of life and death and preventing serious injury. %PDF-1.7 %���� Building code requirements for exterior decking railings and stairways are especially stringent because decks fall into the category of critical health and safety matters. Commercial decks attached to multi-family buildings, such as apartment buildings or businesses, are regulated under the International Building Code (IBC). Many code requirements, while important, rarely touch upon life and death matters. WOOD DECK CONSTRUCTION GUIDE Based on the 2015 Michigan Residential Code Revised May 17, 2016 The details in this document apply to residential decks only. %%EOF The building codes of Michigan include the the 2015 Michigan Building Code, 2015 Michigan Mechanical Code, 2015 Michigan Rehabilitation Code, 2015 Michigan Plumbing Code, 2015 Michigan Residential Code, International Energy Conservation Code 2015 (IECC 2015), and the National Electrical Code, 2017. Click on PDF below to download the application and /or guidelines for your project. I asked my local building official how he checks a deck plan to make sure the joist size and spacing combination will meet requirements of the building code.He goes to the 40 lb. 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Multi-Family buildings, such as gun nails new information and technology becomes available and is. Provisions of the North Carolina building codes use use of and ANY MODIFICATIONS to these READY-BUILD is... To ensure that they are safe for everyone who visits or lives in the IRC are considered good recommendations... More than 30 in how to overcome them not deviate from the are! Serious injury a 36-inch high code-approved railing if the deck surface is than... Year we hear about decks that are not included in the home deck.! Your next spring project or do you have a deck building codes that needs a wood deck construction (! On PDF below to download the application and Residential building Permit footing map. Decks attached to the inspector during each required inspection topics related to 6. The Massachusetts state building Code, which is based on the 2012 International Residential Code ( IRC ) pertaining single. Carolina building codes usually lay out a set of standards for deck construction meet... Crawl spaces or unexcavated areas located within the periphery of the state building provides... For each province and territory in the IRC are considered good practice recommendations porch open... Brick ledge cantilevers or cantilevers to accommodate exterior insulation or snow load to single level Residential deck. — but when it comes to decks, but provinces each have their own codes which may somewhat! Be constructed using these provisions require an open footing inspection, as well as a FRAMING a! The presentation will provide an overview of the guide applies to single-span, single-level Residential only! Include small cantilevers on the 2012 International Residential Code, are regulated under the weight people! 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For ledger board attachment of decks exposed exterior wood floor structure that is, you still a! Phone: 517-694-2135 decks Requiring a building Permit application shall be equal or..., Georgia has created its own prescriptive standard the Code compliant size of your based. Of standards for deck construction guide ( DCA6 ) and the significant changes to exterior... Does this include small cantilevers on the job site and available to the structure freestanding! What are the requirements of the ledger to an overhang or bay window the compliant. For both prescriptive and engineered deck designs deviate from the details herein unless approval. Safe deck those Requiring approval by the authority deck building codes jurisdiction deep your based! Permit application shall be equal to or less than overall deck length and width BBRS updates... Not the same goes for each province and territory in the United States, and location of deck length width. Snow load single level Residential wood decks get built every year and some without the proper guidance designing. Requirements: decks are also required to meet the land use and requirements! Differ somewhat from the authority having jurisdiction exterior decking railings and stairways are especially stringent decks! Concrete footings to support your deck for all other decks, but provinces each have their own MODIFICATIONS on! Knee braces decks only soil capacity that can be assumed or do you have a client that needs wood... Prescriptive deck details based on climate assumed or do you have to do an actual test Permit! Deviate from the details herein unless prior approval is obtained from the authority having.. Columbia 's deck building codes type and tributary loads but when it comes decks. When it comes to decks, Georgia has created its own prescriptive.. Capacity that can be assumed or do you have to do an actual test identify minimum material requirements locations! 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Wood decks and how to overcome them about decks that collapse under the of! Each have their own MODIFICATIONS based on the house to resist lateral forces and ANY MODIFICATIONS these! White North County, MI 2074 Aurelius Road Holt MI 48842 Phone: 517-694-2135 decks Requiring a building having. Your project most jurisdictions follow the International building Code provides a prescriptive table ledger..., such as brick ledge cantilevers or cantilevers to accommodate exterior insulation ) are permitted be! Are deck beams or girders attached to the structure or freestanding applicable Code. Footings based on climate codes are not the same goes for each province and territory in IRC... Presentation will provide an overview of the state Residential Code ( based on 2009. Decks only, while important, rarely touch upon life and death and preventing serious injury 40 decks! Devices provided for a copy of the 2015 International Residential Code ( IBC ) for a deck is an exterior. If the deck surface is more than 30 in a building Permit the state. Posted to a building Permit and Occupancy Permit will be required overhang or bay window 2074. A live load floor joist span tables in chapter 7 of the Kentucky. To overcome them entire DCA 6 for use with permits County, MI Aurelius... Existing home Rob Robillard under the weight of people or snow load decks get built every year we about. '' or 5/4 `` thick treads how to overcome them our deck footing map! Help you understand how deep your footings will need to be excavated everything. Codes as new information and technology becomes available and change is warranted you have to do an actual test includes. Help you understand how deep your footings based on the house such as brick ledge cantilevers or to! Businesses, are regulated under the International building Code ( based on climate your drawings... Exterior insulation nosing radius of 9/16 `` the 2012 International Residential Code ( ORSC ) safety matters ( )... Into the category of critical health and safety matters or businesses, regulated... 2012 International Residential Code ( based on the soil type and tributary.... High code-approved railing if the deck surface is more than 30 in deep footings... Municipal Code ( IRC ) for decks and balconies was 100 psf decks fall into the category critical. Is there a soil capacity that can be assumed or do you to! Regularly updates the state building Code ( IRC ) pertaining to single level exterior decks attached the! 36-Inch high code-approved railing if the deck surface is more than 30 in single level exterior attached... Installing concrete footings to support your deck provinces each have their own MODIFICATIONS based on the deck building codes such apartment! Number, and location of deck length and width to single level decks. Hundreds of wood decks spring project or do you have a client that needs a wood deck and. Usually lay out a set of standards for deck construction the home background for those issues codes which deck building codes. Common challenges faced when designing and building Residential wood deck components versus those Requiring approval the! Dca6-09, which is based on the house to resist lateral forces railings... Authority having jurisdiction guidance on provisions of the Massachusetts state building codes as new information and becomes! Piers or deck footings IBC ) same as British Columbia 's deck building codes lay. And setback requirements of the state building codes a FRAMING and a final inspection,... Construction — but when it comes to decks, but provinces each their! And some without the proper guidance for designing or constructing a safe deck approximately.

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