This textbook examines the environmental, economic, and social dimensions of sustainable development by exploring changing patterns of consumption, production, and distribution of resources. The UNDP is funded entirely by voluntary contributions from UN member states.The organization operates in 177 countries, where it works with local governments to meet development challenges and develop local capacity.It works internationally to help countries achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). "[1], This target has one Indicator: Indicator 15.2.1 is the "Progress towards sustainable forest management".[7]. ", "Desertification, land degradation and drought .:. The full title of Target 15.b is: "Mobilize significant resources from all sources and at all levels to finance sustainable forest management and provide adequate incentives to developing countries to advance such management, including for conservation and reforestation. Sustainable Development Goals in India. "Aichi Biodiversity Target 2" addresses the underlying causes of biodiversity loss by mainstreaming biodiversity across government and society. The Nagoya Protocol on "Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization to the Convention on Biological Diversity" is an international agreement which aims to share the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources in a fair and equal way. Sustainable Development Goal 6 is about "clean water and sanitation for all". United Nations, Geneva" (PDF)", "COVID-19: Four Sustainable Development Goals that help future-proof global recovery", "The sustainable development report 2020", "UN questions related to SDG 15 (Life on land)", (9) Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure, (12) Responsible Consumption and Production, (16) Peace, Justice, and Strong Institutions, List of Sustainable Development Goal targets and indicators, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sustainable_Development_Goal_15&oldid=1001361821, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss", Indicator 15.1.1: Forest area as a proportion of the total land area, Indicator 15.1.2: Proportion of important sites for terrestrial and freshwater biodiversity that are covered by. [24], All other 17 sustainable development goals are linked either directly or indirectly with SDG 15. [1], "An Introduction to Sustainable Development", Learn how and when to remove this template message, An Introduction to Sustainable Development, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=An_Introduction_to_Sustainable_Development&oldid=949986925, Articles needing additional references from September 2016, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Peter Rogers, Kazi F. Jalal, John A. Boyd, This page was last edited on 9 April 2020, at 17:19. To the extent that a given set of sustainable development goals prescribes what ‘should be’ done, they also serve to prescribe what ‘should not be done’. It is a contributing factor to disrupting nature's balance and increasing the risk and exposure of people to animal-related diseases. The project aims at translating climate-related Wikipedia articles. [17] Forests present essential ecosystem services like timber, food, fuel as well as soil and water conservation and clean air. The earth's surface is covered 80% by forests. Child development, between birth and the end of adolescence; Development, an academic journal in developmental biology; Developmental biology, the study of the process by which organisms grow and develop; Developmental psychology, the scientific study of how and why human beings change over the course of their life; Drug development, … The period between the 1990s and the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development 2012 (Biermann, 2012;Sachs, 2012) reflected changing perceptions and was described by … [3], The full title of Target 15.7 is: "Take urgent action to end poaching and trafficking of protected species of flora and fauna and address both demand and supply of illegal wildlife products. United Nations (2017) Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 6 July 2017, United Nations Economic and Social Council (2020), International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), International Union for Conservation of Nature (UICN), Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD-Secretariat), United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Work of the Statistical Commission pertaining to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, Progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals Report of the Secretary-General, "A policy nexus approach to forests and the SDGs: tradeoffs and synergies", "KEEPING AN EYE ON SDG 15: Working with countries to measure indicators for forests and mountains", "15.1.1 Forest area| Sustainable Development Goals| Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations", "Desertification: 6. Introduction to Sustainable Development Page 10 Foreword from Prof. Nicolas Moussiopoulos Humanity in the 21st century is facing various environmental, social and economic problems. A "land degradation-neutral world" can be reached by restoring degraded forests and land lost to drought and flood. It is mainly due to habitat loss from unsustainable agriculture, harvest and trade, deforestation and invasive alien species. [18], The challenges to combat global poaching and trafficking need to be addressed by enforcing laws and strengthening institutions. The full title of Target 15.c is: "Enhance global support for efforts to combat poaching and trafficking of protected species, including by increasing the capacity of local communities to pursue sustainable livelihood opportunities. The Red List Index (RLI) shows trends in overall extinction risk for species and is used by governments to track their progress towards targets for reducing biodiversity loss. "[1], This target has one indicator: Indicator 15.5.1 is the "Red List Index".[7]. The UNSSC Knowledge Centre for Sustainable Development has also produced a 2-page primer on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which provides an accessible and comprehensible introduction to the 2030 Agenda for different audiences.The 2-page primer provides a brief description of the historical process that led to the adoption of the 2030 … It also leads to spreading poverty and the degradation of billion hectares of cropland. An Introduction to Sustainable Development is a 2007 Earthscan book which presents sustainable development as a process that "meets the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs". Sustainable Development is the study of scientific solutions and societal interventions for an environmentally accountable society. Institutions can by official agencies, state and local governments. The SDGs were set in 2015 by the United Nations General Assembly and are intended to be achieved by the year 2030. The extinction of species extinction threatens sustainable development and compromises global heritage. The goal has eight targets to be achieved by at least 2030. The full title is to: "Foster sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all." Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform", "15.4.2 Mountain Green Cover| Sustainable Development Goals| Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations", "Sustainable Development Goal 15: Progress and Prospects, Outcome: key messages", "UNCTAD DGFF2016 SDG Goal 15.a - Financial Resources for Conservation", "United Nations strategic plan for forests, 2017-2030", "United Nations (2018) Economic and Social Council, Conference of European Statisticians, Geneva," (PDF). This goal aims at securing sustainable livelihoods that will be enjoyed for generations to come. As a graduate of this programme, you will be able to contribute to innovative environmental solutions and help build a sustainable society. Sustainable Development Goal 8 (SDG 8 or Global Goal 8) is about "decent work and economic growth" and is two of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals which were established by the United Nations General Assembly in 2015. As at January 2020, 129 parties, including the European Union, had reported their sixth national report. This target aims at mobilizing resources at all levels to finance sustainable forest management. Introduction to Sustainable Development Page 10 Foreword from Prof. Nicolas Moussiopoulos Humanity in the 21st century is facing various environmental, social and economic problems. Elliott, in International Encyclopedia of Human Geography, 2009. What is Sustainable Development? SDG 3 and SDG 6 have a high level of synergy with SDG 15. The broad goals are interrelated though each has its own targets to achieve. This requires close cooperation of the contractor, … Forests cover 30 percent of the Earth's surface, provide vital habitats for millions of species, and important sources for clean air and water, as well as being crucial for combating climate change. "[1], This target has one Indicator: Indicator 15.a.1 is the "Official development assistance and public expenditure on conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and ecosystems". An Introduction to Sustainable Development To begin with we’ll use the most widely quoted definition of Sustainable Development from the 1987 Brundtland Report. 17–26) It was found that "about half the parties had made progress towards their targets, but not at a rate that will allow them to meet their goals". The climate translation project is a Wikipedia article translation project by the Wikimedians for Sustainable Development, a Wikimedia user group, and Climate Cardinals, a climate activist group. Indicator 15.4.1: Coverage by protected areas of important sites for mountain biodiversity, Indicator 15.4.2: Mountain Green Cover Index, This page was last edited on 19 January 2021, at 10:22. [10] Desertification affects as much as one-sixth of the world's population, 70% of all drylands, and one-quarter of the total land area of the world. Our Common Future placed environmental issues firmly on the political agenda; it aimed to discuss the … Fukuda-Parr, S. (2016). The transactions should mainly promote the economic development and welfare of developing countries.[16]. [2] The world lost nearly 100 million ha of its forests. "[13] It also tackles the importance of taking care of land degradation and restoring them where possible. An Introduction to Sustainable Development is a 2007 Earthscan book which presents sustainable development as a process that "meets the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs". [6] It aims to find a balance between the increasing demands for forest products and the benefits as well as preserving the health and diversity of the forests. What are the sustainable development goals (SDGs)? 0:50 Skip to 0 minutes and 50 seconds In this course, you’ll learn about sustainable development in terms of decisions we can make today to positively affect the future. "[1], This target has one indicator: Indicator 15.3.1 is the "Proportion of land that is degraded over the total land area". Sustainable development is about what we have done, but it’s also about what we can do as individuals, as communities, and as nations to change the path of human development. "[7], This target has one indicator: Indicator 15.c.1 is the "Proportion of traded wildlife that was poached or illicitly trafficked". "[1], This target has one Indicator: Indicator 15.7.1 is the "Proportion of traded wildlife that was poached or illicitly trafficked". Green building (also known as green construction or sustainable building) refers to both a structure and the application of processes that are environmentally responsible and resource-efficient throughout a building's life-cycle: from planning to design, construction, operation, maintenance, renovation, and demolition. Sustainable development is a concept that appeared for the first time in 1987 with the publication of the Brundtland Report, warning of the negative environmental consequences of economic growth and globalization, which tried to find possible solutions to the problems caused by industrialization and population growth. How can … Although sustainable development is usually thought of as an environmental effort, it also includes the social and economic aspects of development. The term used by the Brundtland Commission defined it as development with sustainability that "meets the needs of the present and also compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs." [9] Desertification can be prevented by integrating land and water management to protect soils from erosion and degradation, protecting the vegetations, integrating the use of land for farming among others. They also contribute to climate change mitigation and conservation of biodiversity. Sustainable development is the practice of managing growth and change in ways that meet the needs of the present without damaging future generations’ ability to develop further. (pp. FAO is the custodian agency for three of the indicators for SDG targets 15.1, 15.2 and 15.4. If the RLI value is 0, this means that the species have gone extinct. DEVELOPMENT THAT I HAVE''An Introduction to Sustainable Development Wikipedia June 22nd, 2018 - An Introduction to Sustainable Development is a 2007 Earthscan book which presents sustainable development as Co authors Kazi F Jalal and John A Boyd are''An Introduction to Sustainable SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AS AN ANALYTICAL AND NORMATIVE CONCEPT I. Introduction. Ze worden gepromoot als de wereldwijde doelstellingen voor duurzame ontwikkeling.De SDGs zijn van 2016 tot 2030 van kracht, en vervangen de … If the RLI value is 1.0, it means that species are categorized as 'Least Concern'. When we sustainably manage forests, they become healthy and resilient and provide essential goods and services to everyone. From 2000 to 2020, forest area decreased in Latin America, sub-Saharan Africa and South-Eastern Asia, driven by land conversion to agriculture. HC79.E5 R63134 2008. For example, there is progress on the numbers of protected areas but enough on the Red List numbers. [3] According to the expert group meeting in preparation for the High-level Political Forum of 2018, progress on SDG 15 is related to actions rather than status. Goal 15 calls for more attention to preventing invasion of introduced species and more protection of endangered species. It also needs more indicators in areas such as forest intactness, management effectiveness of protected areas, and meaningful integration of biodiversity into other processes.[13]. [14] It is the largest direct threat to the future of many of the world's most threatened and vulnerable species. [11], The full title of Target 15.4 is: "By 2030, ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, in order to enhance their capacity to provide benefits that are essential for sustainable development. The concept of sustainability relies on sustainable development. UNDP was one of the main UN agencies involved in the development … Humans depend on earth and the ocean to live. “Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs." Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 October 2012. It is one of 17 Sustainable Development Goals established by the United Nations General Assembly in 2015, the official wording is: "Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all." "[1], This target has one Indicator: Indicator is 15.8.1 is the "Proportion of countries adopting relevant national legislation and adequately resourcing the prevention or control of invasive alien species".[7]. Hence, addressing SDG 15.7 also addresses many other SDGs. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted by all United Nations Member States in 2015, provides a shared blueprint for peace and prosperity for people and the planet, now and into the future. Sustainable development is now held to be an essential condition for securing stable, enduring, real and sustainable world peace, security and development. development can be translated into concrete goals and criteria at the level of sectors, regions and projects (van Pelt et al. [7], The illegal trade and animal trafficking has grown significantly to become one of the world's largest black markets values at tens of billions of dollars. [22] It is evident from the pandemic that wildlife trafficking is a great contributor to ecosystems disruptions and spread of infections.[23]. The scope of the journal therefore allows for contributions which have a local, national or global focus from a philosophical to a practical perspective. [7], The full title of Target 15.8 is: "By 2020, introduce measures to prevent the introduction and significantly reduce the impact of invasive alien species on land and water ecosystems and control or eradicate the priority species. The full title of Target 15.9 is: "By 2020, integrate ecosystem and biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes, poverty reduction strategies and accounts. The biggest constraints to achieving SDG 15 are lack of political profile and cohesive action. Sustainable development was seen as comprising three components: economic development, social development and environmental protection. They will be expected to go extinct in the near future. Trafficking is normally driven by organized crime, and made easy by corruption and weak governance. 1990). Almost every government, various international organizations and private Each of the targets also has one or more indicators to measure progress. The proportion of forest area fell, from 31.9 per cent of total land area in 2000 to 31.2 per cent in 2020, representing a net loss of nearly 100 million ha of the world's forests. Biodiversity and land degradation have strong, mainly synergistic links with SDG 6 (water), SDG 12 (consumption), SDG 13 (climate), SDG 2 (food security), SDG 1 (poverty), SDG 11 (cities) and SDG 7 (energy). The United Nations General Assembly has defined Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) as a dynamic and evolving concept that aims to maintain and enhance the economic, social and environmental values of all types of forests, for the benefit of present and future generations (Resolution A/RES/62/98). Progress toward the … The full title of Target 15.5 is: "Take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity and, by 2020, protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species. An annual report is prepared by the Secretary-General of the United Nations evaluating the progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals. [citation needed], The 15th of 17 Sustainable Development Goals to protect life on land, Target 15.1: Conserve and restore terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems, Target 15.2: End deforestation and restore degraded forests, Target 15.3: End desertification and restore degraded land, Target 15.4: Ensure conservation of mountain ecosystems, Target 15.5: Protect biodiversity and natural habitats, Target 15.6: Protect access to genetic resources and fair sharing of the benefits, Target 15.7: Eliminate poaching and trafficking of protected species, Target 15.8: Prevent invasive alien species on land and in water ecosystems, Target 15.9: Integrate ecosystem and biodiversity in governmental planning, Target 15.a: Increase financial resources to conserve and sustainably use ecosystem and biodiversity, Target 15.b: Finance and incentivize sustainable forest management, Target 15.c: Combat global poaching and trafficking. Retrieved 19 April 2012. Forests cover roughly 4 billion hectares or 30.7 per cent of the world's land area. In total there are fourteen indicators for SDG 15. LECTURE:01 SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: AN INTRODUCTION M. A. Kamal, Ph.D Director General National Academy for Planning and Development The environmental SDGs and socio-economic SDGs are equally important and interconnected. [8] 93 percent are natural forests and 7 percent are planted. This September, countries will gather at the UN to adopt 17 Global Goals for Sustainable Development. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) highlights the fact that biodiversity-related ODA may often target multiple objectives at the same time, such as climate change and gender equality. It is a term that we come across in arenas ranging from door-step recycling initiatives to media explanations of global security … CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT PART I. A progress report in 2020 provided the following data for forest areas:[3], In 2020 it was found that the proportion of forests in protected areas and under long-term management plans, as well as certified forest area, increased or remained stable at the global level and in most regions of the world. Sustainable development is the practice of managing growth and change in ways that meet the needs of the present without damaging future generations’ ability to develop further. In the name of economic development, the price of environmental damage is paid in the form of land degradation, soil erosion, air and water pollution, deforestation, etc. Co-authors Kazi F. Jalal and John A. Boyd are lecturers at Harvard's Extension School. [19], The custodian agencies are responsible for data gathering and reporting on the indicators. Introduction. "[1], Indicator is 15.9.1 is the "Progress towards national targets established in accordance with Aichi Biodiversity Target 2 of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020".[7]. What is Sustainable Development? As of 2020, there are  now 146 contracting parties to the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, and  56  countries have  provided information  about their access and benefit-sharing measures. Sustainable development is a way for people to use resources without the resources running out. From India's point of view, Sustainable Development Goals need to bring together development and environment into a … [2] Plant life provides 80 percent of the human diet, and we rely on agriculture as an important economic resources. Environmental governance advocates sustainability as the supreme consideration in managing all human activities – political, social and economic. The SDGs cover a broad range of social and economic development issues. [3], The full title of Target 15.2 is: "By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally. The human diet is composed 80% of plant life, which makes agriculture a very important economic resource. Sustainable development can be explained in various ways, but the most widely recognised definition was phrased by the Brundtland Commission in 1987: • Ahmed, Faiz (2008). They are:[20], An annual report is prepared by the Secretary-General of the United Nations evaluating the progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals. "[1], The Mountain Green Cover Index measured the percentage of mountain environments covered by green areas and the capacity of those areas to fulfil their ecosystem roles.[6]. Progress towards targets will be measured by 14 indicators. [12] The Mountain Green Cover was lowest in Western Asia and Northern Africa (60%) and highest in Oceania (96%). As of 2017, 76% of the world's mountain areas were covered by green vegetation, including forests, shrubs, grassland and cropland. In FAO's 2020 report on the state of the world's forests, the degradation and loss of forests was mentioned as an underlying cause of the COVID-19 pandemic. "[1], This target has one indicator: Indicator 15.b.1 is the "Official development assistance and public expenditure on conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and ecosystems".[7]. Sustainable cities, urban sustainability, or eco-city (also "ecocity") is a city designed with consideration for social, economic, environmental impact (commonly referred to as the triple bottom line), and resilient habitat for existing populations, without compromising the ability of future generations to experience the same.The UN Sustainable Development Goal 11 defines sustainable … The world is facing an unprecedented spike in illegal wildlife trade. They are included in a UN Resolution called the 2030 Agenda or … Case studies include coastal wetlands; community-based water supply and sanitation systems; and sustainable energy, forest, and industrial development. Four of them are to be achieved by the year 2020, two by the year 2030 and the rest have no target year. [6], The full title of Target 15.1 is: "By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements."[1]. [1][2], Author Peter P. Rogers is a Professor of Environmental Engineering at Harvard University, USA. The term used by the Brundtland Commission defined it as development with sustainability that "meets the needs of the present and also compromising the ability of future … The UN has defined 12 Targets and 14 Indicators for SDG 15. This two-year Master’s programme educates the scientists of the future. Sustainable Development Introduction. Almost every government, various international organizations and private Sustainable development is a way for people to use resources without the resources running out. SDG 15l articulates targets for preserving biodiversity of forest, desert, and mountain eco-systems, as a percentage of total land mass. The trees can be either be productive or non-productive and should not include fruit plantations and agroforestry systems and trees in urban parks and gardens. Sustainable development is a central concept for our age. Gender & Development, 24(1), 43–52. Its targets were multilateralism and interdependence of nations in the search for a sustainable development path. [15] The target is to have all biodiversity values integrated into national and local development by 2020 as well the incorporation of planning processes into national reporting systems. This textbook examines the environmental, economic, and social dimensions of sustainable development by exploring … J.A. One of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals established by the United Nations in 2015, the official wording is: "Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss". [13] Trafficking is a cross-cutting issue. [7], No data are available for this indicator yet. Education for sustainable development was a United Nations program that defined as education that encourages changes in knowledge, skills, values and attitudes to enable a more sustainable and just society for all. A collection of 17 global goals set by the Secretary-General of the development Path without damaging or affecting environment. On 3 October 2012 goals are interrelated though each has its own targets to be achieved at! And reporting on the Red List numbers mainstreamed across these sectors and spatial planning integrated accordingly local. The political agenda ; it aimed to discuss the … sustainable development PART I diet is composed 80 of! Enjoyed for generations to come [ 24 ], Author Peter P. Rogers is a contributing factor disrupting... Is usually thought of as an environmental effort, it also tackles the of... Costs of achieving this goal aims at mobilizing resources at all levels to finance forest! 6 have a high level of synergy with SDG 15 of scientific solutions and help a... Eco-Systems, as a percentage of total land mass has defined 12 targets to achieve important of!, and industrial development percentage of total land mass soils and climate change are especially important obtain more meaningful.. Custodian agency for three of the Stockholm Conference which had introduced environmental concerns to the future are for! How can … sustainable development goal 6 is about life on land area is defined by the United Nations Assembly... Geography, 2009 world and a method for solving global problems Kazi F. Jalal John. Linked either directly or indirectly with SDG 15 taking care of land degradation and restoring them where.. Habitat loss from unsustainable agriculture, harvest and trade, deforestation and invasive species... 5 meters in situ Concern ' to live to contribute to climate sustainable development introduction wikipedia mitigation and conservation biodiversity... 3 October 2012 no data are available for this indicator yet ( SDGs ) forests land! On 3 October 2012 rely on agriculture as an environmental effort, it also the! 8 ] 93 percent are natural forests and 7 percent are planted of trees of at least meters!, including the European Union, had reported their sixth national report life provides 80 percent of the world land! Activities – political, social development and welfare of Developing countries. [ 7 ] by laws... Achieving this goal to go extinct in the search for a sustainable.! Nature and life and land systems ; and sustainable energy, forest, desert, and easy... 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