Climate change and global warming is the current global problem many countries are facing. How conflict and climate change form a toxic combination that drives people from their homes. Kebbi State is due to consider this challenge because of its low economic development, lack of infrastructure, services and needs for special attention on soil and environment in developing proper agricultural activities. Google Scholar in degradation of natural resources. The foremost of these, by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), did identify Nigeria as a climate change “hot spot” likely to see major shifts Climate Change and Agriculture Research Program: Working through the Agricultural Research Council of Nigeria, stimulate and support a new national research initiative addressing climate change impacts and adaptation in the agricultural sector in Nigeria. The summers are much rainier than the winters in Lagos. In Nigeria, there were an estimated 137,600 diarrhoeal deaths in children under 15 years old in the baseline period of 2008. 5. The paper examined the extension service strategies in adaptation to climate change in Oyo State Nigeria. Patriarchy equips men with stronger adaptive capability, especially in the area of vocational flexibility and mobility. Nigeria’s response to climate change has focused on increasing resilience and managing the unavoidable impacts. Climate change and food security are twin challenges which need to be addressed together. Nigerian refugee, Hawali Oumar, 46, fishes Lake Chad for up to ten days at a time, while his family remain at a camp a few miles away. This prompted this study that took a general overview of climate change impacts in Nigeria. Climate change, a growing number of voices in media and policy circles warn, is raising the risks of violent conflict in the twenty-first century. Policy to guide Nigeria's response to Climate Change. The vast majority of the literature that provides evidence of climate change impacts and responses, however, focuses on the agricultural sector and on individual farming communities in particular regions of the country. Affected countries, including Nigeria, have been making efforts to reverse the situation by implementing projects and programmes. Understanding climate change and soil degradation impact on global environment is an enormous scientific challenge of the 21 st century. This book outlines the impact of climate change in four developing country regions: Africa, Asia, Latin America and small island developing States; the vulnerability of these regions to future climate change; current adaptation plans, strategies and actions; and future adaptation options and needs. The Köppen-Geiger climate classification is Aw. Because of low adaptive capacities and the projected impacts of climate change, a consensus has emerged that developing countries (2007). Climate Change “Until 2030, the estimated costs $40 of climate change are around 3 percent of the continent’s GDP, or US$40 billion each year.”* Recent assessments show that Africa received only US$132 million between 2004 and 2011 from dedicated climate financing instruments to … It is hot and wet most of the year in the southeast but dry in the southwest and farther inland. Source: Human dynamics of climate change, technical report, Met Office, HM Government, UK, 2014. 2.1 Documentation of Nigeria’s Vulnerability to Climate Change 16 2.2 Nigeria’s Primary Crops 17 3.1 Sources and Quality of Data Used in the Analysis 28 That climate change is the biggest threat facing humanity today is no longer in doubt. Occasioned by climate change, desertification poses serious challenges to food security, sustainable livelihoods and socio-economic development in the dryland communities. Climate Change Working Paper Series presents work that focuses on improving the capacity of the most vulnerable groups in developing countries to adapt to the impacts of climate change, and on ensuring the equitable distribution of benefits presented by climate-resilient low carbon development strategies. Predictions so far have relied heavily on models for the world or West Africa. federal!republic!ofnigeria!!!! Abstract. Climate change adaptation is extremely important in Nigeria. Acknowledging that the causal chains are often indirect and difficult to demonstrate with precision, the study investigates how environmental shifts may be feeding into the existing risk landscape. Climate change incorporation in environmental assessment is a growing research area, particularly following the Paris agreement. Abstract Climate change is a major issue around which global development policy is being framed over the past few years. based climate change adaptation support program. ... awareness and sustainability development and its integration in the school curriculum especially in Nigeria, hence this study. climate change and violent conflict in Nigeria. Nigeria - Nigeria - Climate: Nigeria has a tropical climate with variable rainy and dry seasons, depending on location. Under a high emissions scenario, diarrhoeal deaths attributable to climate change in children under 15 years old is projected to nigeria’s!second!national! Direct causes of climate change on conflict risks The resource-conflict link Shifting populations Climate change as part of a complex socioeconomic system Modeling climate-security The need for more empirics II. The annual rainfall is 1693 mm | 66.7 inch. Climate change, in particular, is currently one of the most critical issues facing mankind today. in adapting to the effects of climate change. This research seeks to explore and analyze the media coverage of climate change in Nigeria and South Africa, using the two countries as case studies to assess what the trend is in Africa as a whole. Systems for climate change adaptation (CCA) in Nigeria were advanced for the development of resilient people through the African Adaptation Programme (AAP) for climate change (CC) an initiative of the governments of Japan and Nigeria launched in October, 2010. Climate change is one of the greatest threats facing human kind today and it has lots of implications for the survival of mankind. Climate change impact on infrastructure in Osogbo metropolis, Southwest Nigeria. ... Nigeria), but also for longer-term planning (e.g. It strikes at the very heart of the sustainability of our life, and is compounding human efforts to attain sustainable development. Dire futures are predicted for some of the world’s poorest, least prepared countries and their most vulnerable citizens. Understanding Nigeria’s climate future depends on better country-specific and local-level analysis. There is need for sustainable agriculture to meet the increasing demand for food for the growing population in Nigeria. Executive Council adopted in 2012 the Nigeria Climate Change Policy Response and Strategy. Hawali's father was killed by Boko Haram in his village in Nigeria, prompting him to flee to Chad with his family of 10. To ensure an effective national response to the significant and multi-facetted impacts of climate change, Nigeria has adopted a comprehensive strategy, as well as a number of specific policies. Results show that impacts of climate change experienced by the respondents are Descriptive statistics was used in analyzed the data collected for the study. Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is considered in many quarters to be an important tool in factoring climate-related components in the planning and design of a project. Climate Change Adaptation Nigeria has adopted adaptation policies and measures described in more detail in section 3.2.2. If you want to know more… Ericksen, P.J. Against the backdrop of the deadly effects of climate change, it is important that Nigeria mitigates these by letting people appreciate the reality and the … Conceptualizing food systems for global environmental change research, Environmental Change Institute, Oxford University Centre for the Environment, Oxford, OX1 3QY, Lagos climate summary The Lagos lies on 6m above sea level This city has a tropical climate. Mean annual and monthly temperature and rainfall data were collected from the Nigerian Meteorological Agency and some States’ airports for a period of 105 years (1901-2005). The strategic goal of the Nigeria Climate Change Policy As the country strives to meet the food consumption needs of its rapidly growing population, agriculture in the country (as in the rest of sub-Saharan Africa) is expected to be among the hardest hit by climate change (Parry et al. Journal of Emerging Trends in Engineering & Applied Sciences, 6 (3), 156–165. There are a few comprehensive reports and papers that provide useful evidence and discussion of the various impacts of climate change throughout Nigeria. It focuses particularly … The National Adaptation Strategy and Plan of Action for Climate Change Nigeria (NASPA-CCN) describes A savanna climate, with marked wet and dry seasons, prevails in the north and west, while a steppe climate with little precipitation is found in the far north. A multistage sampling technique was used in selecting 96 respondents. billed to discuss the causes of climate and environmental changes and the need for environmental-friendly education policy in Nigeria through the following sub-headings. 1) The concepts of climate, environment, climate and environmental changes; 2) Causes of climate and environmental changes; Our response is broadly based on the twin strategy of Mitigation and Adaptation. february!2014! Nigeria’s burgeoning population and tropical climate—where temperature is expected to increase faster than the global average—leave its local ecosystems vulnerable to climate change. communication!!!!! Nigeria is strongly predisposed to severe negative impacts of climate change … 3. Climate Change in Africa: Adaptation, Mitigation and Governance Challenges tional climate change negotiations can be remedied by concerted action on the part of African leaders in the Various manifestations of its impact are evident in Nigeria, which include increase in drought, scarcity of food instigated somewhat by irregularities in rainfall and over flooding. The average temperature in Lagos is 27.0 °C | 80.6 °F. Using Nigeria as a case study, the article showed how patriarchy paves way for high rate of exposure of women to adverse impacts of climate change. In order to ensure food security, we need to understand the climatic changes around us and how it affects agricultural productivity and rural livelihood. Climate change is increasingly becoming a serious challenge to Nigeria's socioeconomic development. 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