DNA testing has unraveled some of the mystery surrounding the birth and death of pharaoh king Tutenkhamun, revealing his father was a famed monotheistic king and ruling out Nefertiti as his mother, Egypt's antiquities chief said on February 17, 2010. Death Mask from innermost coffin, Tutankhamun’s tomb, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, c. 1323 B.C.E., gold with inlay of enamel and semiprecious stones (Egyptian Museum, Cairo) (photo: Bjørn Christian Tørrissen, CC BY-SA 3.0) Tutankhamun's Gold Mask Tutankhamun's gold death mask is probably the most famous artefact ever found in Egypt. [19], Although it is usually removed when the mask is on display, it has a triple-string necklace of gold and blue faience disc-beads with lotus flower terminals and uraeus clasps. The face of the mask was finished with a thin layer of gold with a high silver content, giving it a distinctive radiance. 150,000-Year-Old Pipes Baffle Scientists in China: Out of Place in Time? Palette of King Narmer. about The Golden Godheads of Human Death Rites. [4] The mask is one of the best-known works of art in the world.[5]. Constructed with two sheets of high-karat gold, each with a thickness of between 1.5 and 3 mm (0.059 and 0.118 inches), it weighs more than 10 kilograms (22 pounds). As of 5:25pm today, the price of gold per ounce is £1053.70. The greatest and perhaps now most iconic treasure was the king’s death mask, containing more than 20 pounds of gold. Although he was a minor Egyptian ruler, the discovery of his tomb made him famous. A former director of the museum and a former director of restoration were among those facing prosecution. Tutankhamun’s body was adorned with jewels and other precious paraphernalia, much of which the team had difficulty in removing. Although we still cannot accurately predict earthquakes, we have come a long way in detecting, recording, and measuring seismic shocks. 3 Problems to Remember When Trying to Find Atlantis, Egyptian Eclipse Enigmas: Wild Solar Influences in the Amarna Age, AI Technology Used to Recreate the Face of Biblical Pharaoh, Luxor Temple: The Sacred Sanctuary With An Eternal Legacy. For privacy reasons, she has previously written on Ancient Origins under the pen name April Holloway, but is now choosing to use her real name, Joanna Gillan. to make it appear as though the subject were alive. X-ray crystallography has revealed that the mask contains two alloys of gold: a lighter 18.4 karat shade for the face and neck, and 22.5 karat gold for the rest of the mask. In the 1930s, archaeologists uncovered the remains of megalith limestone structures believed to have belonged to the civilization of the Nuragic people. After British archaeologist Howard Carter discovered the boy pharaoh’s … The ears are pierced to hold earrings, a feature that appears to have been reserved for queens and children in almost all surviving ancient Egyptian works of art. Because it is difficult to establish the exact causes of Tutankhamun’s death, it can be assumed that there was a combination of factors, a fragile constitution, a serious fracture, and malaria. From ~1350-1334 BC a... Technology is changing almost every aspect of our lives. This portrait mask is both superhuman and personal. Our open community is dedicated to digging into the origins of our species on planet earth, and question wherever the discoveries might take us. You may even have a Halloween mask of it, like I do, I confess. Featured image: Tutankhamun’s death mask ( Harry Potts / flickr ). ), The Art and Culture of Ancient Egypt. [3][11], When it was discovered in 1925, the 2.5 kg (5.5 lb)[12] narrow gold beard, inlaid with blue lapis lazuli,[13] giving it a plaited effect, had become separated from the mask, but it was reattached to the chin using a wooden dowel in 1944. The gold death mask the boy-king wore may have originally been made for Nefertiti. Derry’s autopsy had, in the end, to be carried out while the mummy was still in the coffin and the death mask still in place. It would be another two years before the excavation team, led by the English archaeologist Howard Carter, was able to open the heavy sarcophagus containing Tutankhamun's mummy. Reeves also noted that the ears contain holes used to hang earrings. [9] X-ray crystallography has revealed that the mask contains two alloys of gold: a lighter 18.4 karat shade for the face and neck, and 22.5 karat gold for the rest of the mask. Given that pre-modern man was significantly shorter on the average than we are today. It weighs about twenty - four pounds. This temple complex is situated on the east bank of the Nile River, in Luxor, the main city of Upper Egypt’s fourth nome. By signing up, you'll get thousands of step-by-step solutions to your homework questions. Skeleton Lake: Ancient Remains Frozen in Time in the Himalayas, The Caledonian Dream: A Scottish Colony’s American Nightmare, Dumbarton Castle: Ancient Stronghold and Symbol of Scottish Defiance, European Standing Stones: The Mute Witnesses of Forgotten Times, Homer’s Iliad Casts Doubt on the Aegean Location of Troy, Nuraghe Palmavera: Examining the Legends of a Mysterious Civilization, Unearthing The Baby Burning Witches Of Bochnia, Poland, King Philip’s War: 17th-Century Hostility Between The Wampanoag and The Pilgrims, ‘White Gold’ Seabird Guano Sustained Life in Ancient Atacama, Researchers Find Elusive 19th Century Alaskan Fort, Ancient Anomalous Human Skeletons: Humanity Could be Much Older Than We Think. 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Tutankhamun Death Mask was Made for Nefertiti, Archaeologist says Ancient Origins - October 2, 2015 New analysis of Tutankhamun's golden death mask has led to a radical new theory - the mask was originally made for Nefertiti, step mother of Tutankhamun, as a co-regent to her husband king Akhenaten. The reality may well have been rather different. I think the evidence is now proving the she was a PHARAOH in her own right.!!!!!!!!!!!!! On the back text associates parts of the mask and the body with various divinities. Theban Mapping Project's diagram of King Tutankamun's known tomb, in gray, and two possible new rooms in yellow and red, one of which, a researcher says, cold be Queen Nefertiti's burial chamber. Fine-Tuning Radiocarbon Dating Will Rewrite History! 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The death mask originally covered the head of Tutankhamun's mummy. The mask has fallen slightly back, thus its gaze is straight up to the heavens.[8]. His tomb is more significant than his short reign. Ancient Egypt, an introduction. This mask of solid gold, beaten and burnished, was placed over the head and shoulders of Tutankhamun's mummy, outside the linen bandages in which the whole body was wrapped.It weighs about twenty - four pounds. 220, This page was last edited on 19 January 2021, at 12:32. Ahram Online reports that archaeologist Nicholas Reeves was examining the back of Tutankhamun’s death mask when he noticed that the face did not match the opposite side – the type of gold and the material used for the blue color are different between the front and the back. [20], The mask exhibited in the Egyptian Museum of Cairo, Gold mask of Egyptian Pharaoh Tutankhamun, Exhibitions of artifacts from the tomb of Tutankhamun, "Tutankhamun: Anatomy of an excavation, the Howard Carter archives", "Tutankhamun's mask: Evidence of an erased name points to the fate of heretic Queen Nefertiti", "Howard Carter's excavation diaries (transcripts and scans)", "Interview with German conservator Christian Eckmann", "Repaired King Tut mask back on display in Egypt", "8 employees referred to trial over damage to Tutankhamun mask", "CNN It did not say when the trial will be", "Tut exhibit: Gold death mask of Tutankhamun", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mask_of_Tutankhamun&oldid=1001380038, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Carter no. 4 ] the mask was finished with a thin layer of gold per is! Made for Nefertiti and the body with various divinities really Worked the face of a dead.. 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